Bone Promoting Coatings
Combined Effect of Topography and Strontium on Mineralization
It has been established that the osteogenic expression and mineralization of bone-forming cells at surfaces of artificial materials depends on a number of cues including elastic modulus , chemistry , pattern shape  as well as topography at the nanometer [4, 5] and micrometer scale . At iNANO, we have developed a topographical screening assay, which has already been able to provide further insight into the interaction between surface topographies and osteogenic differentiation [6, 7]. Furthermore, soluble factors may influence the differentiation as well. It has been shown both in vitro (data not published) and in vivo [8, 9] that Strontium (Sr) may guide mineralization. In this bachelor-project we will use a newly developed topographical array in combination with varying soluble SrCl2 to examine any synergistic effects between the topography and Sr as a soluble factor. The project will involve PVD deposition of Titanium, characterization by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), chemical analysis by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) as well as analysis of osteogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) by alizarin red staining. The ultimate goal is a better understanding of the bone ingrowth to orthopaedic implants.
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8. Andersen, O.Z., et al., Accelerated bone ingrowth by local delivery of strontium from surface functionalized titanium implants. Biomaterials, 2013. 34(24): p. 5883-5890.
9. Offermanns, V., et al., Enhanced osseointegration of endosseous implants by predictable sustained release properties of strontium. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 2015. 103(5): p. 1099-1106.